Of Umbrian origin and conquered by the Romans after the battle of Sentino (295 BC), Foligno was first Municipium, then seat of Prefecture and finally Statio Principalis of the imperial traffic on the Via Flaminia.
The fortunes of Foligno varied over the centuries: destroyed by the Saracens and the Magyars, the town recovered by the times of Frederick Barbarossa, continued to grow and finally achieved free Commune status; in the early 13th century it was annexed by the Papal State.
In 1227 it was conquered by Guiscardo, a captain of Frederick II, becoming the most important Ghibelline stronghold in Umbria until 1310, when came to power the Trinci family: they created a Guelf Seigniory, marking the beginning of the zenith of Foligno's wealth and glory.
In the 15th century the town enjoyed particular fame as a cradle of the art of printing: it was here that the first printed edition of Dante's Divina Commedia appeared (11 April 1439).
The Seigniory came to a violent end in 1439 with the city reverting to the dominion of the Papal State, where it remained, with the exception of the French occupation during the Napoleon Age, until 1860, when Foligno was incorporated in the Kingdom of Italy.
The glorious past of the town is celebrated with the memorable Giostra della Quintana, an annual event which re-evokes costumes, horseback contests and festivities recalling different ages: the beautiful costumes of the historic procession, the intense rivalry characterising the horseback contest and the numerous cultural and gastronomic events make the Quintana a manifestation that you have not to miss to understand completely the history, the tradition and the soul of Foligno.
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